Pattern shrinkage allowance
After pouring the molten metal into the mold, the metal has a tendency to contract during solidification. The total casting product has shrunk and become small than the pattern. The difference occurs between the pattern and casting is known as shrinkage allowance. The factor that affects the shrinkage is temperature while pouring the metal, the material of the mold and the method of molding.
Machining allowance for sand casting
Matching allowance may be required by casting may partially or fully. In drawing the portion to be machined to be identified and in those portion machine allowance is provided apart from shrinkage allowance. Machining allowance also depends upon casting metal, machining methods, the specification of casting and the finish required.
Draft allowance in casting
In the draft allowance, the pattern remains taper from all vertical surfaces. It provides the internal and external surfaces. It is required for easy removal of the pattern. It depends upon the vertical height and molding method.
Shake allowance in a pattern
Before the withdrawal of the pattern fist of all, it is shaken so that it is free from the adjoining wall, due to this size of mold cavity increase so a negative allowance is given to the pattern.
Distortion allowance in casting
There are certain casting in which the cooling of the metal is not uniform throughout the casting due to very complicated shape. Due to this distortion in the casting.
Movement of the mold wall
Due to excessive heat, the wall of the mold has a tendency to move, this movement of the wall affects the final size in the casting.